CODE SWITCHING IN CULTURE AS THE ITEM OF LINGUISTICS
By: Agnechia Friska Rivalny/ 126332055
In the culture, we always interact with others around us. When people connect to others anytime and anywhere they must make use of a language. With out a language, people will find several troubles if they do their activities and toward the others. There is no people or world without a terminology. The part of a language among the persons in this life is very crucial. The study of linguistics reveals that language and society can not be separated to become investigated. That develops in to sociolinguistics or perhaps the sociology of language. Fishman (in Chaer and Agustina, 2004: 3) says that, вЂsociolinguistics is a study with the characteristics of language types, the characteristics of their functions, and the characteristics with the speaker because these three constantly interact, modify and change the other person within a conversation communityвЂќ. Additionally , Holmes (2001: 1) says that sociolinguistics is concerned with the relationship between language and the context by which it is employed. The relationship among language as well as the context in society is not only natural, nevertheless common. All of us use vocabulary acccording to the context in each culture. Examining how people make use of language in different social contexts provides a prosperity information about the approach language works, as well as regarding the social relationships within a community, and the way persons signal facets of their cultural identity throughout the language. Sociolinguistics actually does not discuss a structure of any language, nonetheless it focuses on how a language is used, so it may play their function well. Using this statement, we can make a description that folks also confront language conflicts before sociolinguistics appears. So it will be clear now that the role of sociolinguistics is to control a language as its functions in world, or put simply sociolinguistics relates to a dialect as ways of communication.
Code Switching in Society because The Product of Linguistics
In each day interaction, persons usually choose different requirements in different condition. They may choose a particular code or range because it causes them to be easier to discuss a particular topic, regardless where they are speaking. When discussing work or school in the home, for instance, they could use the terminology that is relevant to those fields rather than the vocabulary used in daily language interaction at home. A code is a system which is used by individuals to communicate with each other. When people want to talk each other, they need to choose a particular code to express their sense. According to Stockwell (2002: 8-9), a code is definitely " synonymous with nationalism that is used by visitors to speak or communicate in a particular dialect, or language, or sign-up, or highlight, or style on several occasions as well as for different reasons. вЂќ Similarly, Ronald Wardaugh (1986: 101) also maintains that a code can be defined as " a system utilized for communication among two or more get-togethers used on any occasions. вЂќ When two or more people communicate with each other in conversation, we can call up the system of communication that they can employ a code. Therefore , people are usually required to select a particular code if he or she choose to speak, and they could also decide to switch from one code to another in order to mix requirements, sometimes in very short utterances and it means to make a code. Hoffman (1991: 112) shows most code turning and code mixing based upon the juncture or the range of transitioning where languages take place. These are inter-sentential switching, emblematic switching, and establishing continuity with the earlier speaker. Each type will be illustrate bellow:
Types of code switching
1 . Inter-sentential...
Sources: Hoffmann, Charlotte. 1991. An Introduction to Bilingualism. New York: Longman Press.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 1986. An Intoduction to Sociolinguistics. United Kingdom: Basil Blackwell Ltd.
Stockwell, Peter. 2002. Cognitive Poetics: An Introduction. Routledge.
Holmes, Jesse. 2001. A great Intoduction to Sociolinguistics. London, uk: Longman Press
Nilep, Chad. 2006. " Code SwitchingвЂќ in Sociocultural Linguistics. Boulder: University of Colorado.
Poplack, Shana. Code Switching (Linguistics). Canada: College or university of Ottawa
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